Real estate

Top 7 Financial Models for Commercial Real Estate Property Analysis

Written By Urban Real Estate Center
Last Updated: Dec 06, 2022 •

Commercial real estate is big business. It accounts for around 9% of all commercial real estate investments in the U.S. Financial modeling is one of the most important skills for commercial real estate investment. It can help you find opportunities, lower risk, and justify investment decisions.

This blog post has gathered the best financial models for evaluating commercial real estate property, including building valuation, cash flow models, economic feasibility analysis, and investment analysis.


Overview of Financial Models for Commercial Real Estate Property

First, financial models for commercial real estate property provide an essential tool for making informed decisions about both new investments and existing properties. They can be used to project the returns an investor will receive from a particular investment and analyze the cash flows generated by a property to determine if the investment is worth pursuing.

Commercial real estate modeling involves using sophisticated software and analysis techniques to accurately predict future returns and cash flows. It also involves carefully considering market trends, tenants, and macroeconomic conditions.

Second, the process of commercial real estate modeling involves several different steps. These steps include defining the investment goals, estimating the property's value, and developing a set of assumptions to use in the model. It also involves estimating operating expenses, vacancy rates, and capitalization rates. Once these steps are complete, the model will provide an accurate picture of the expected returns for the investment.

Finally, commercial real estate modeling is invaluable for investors, lenders, and developers. It can provide insight into a particular investment's potential returns and help identify potential risks. In addition, it can be used to compare different investments and identify improvement opportunities. Using financial models for commercial real estate, investors can make informed decisions about their investments and maximize their returns.


Top 7 Financial Models for Commercial Real Estate Property Analysis

Commercial real estate property analysis is a complex process that requires careful consideration of various financial models. Knowing which financial models to use can be the difference between making a good investment and a bad one. 

Many different financial models are available for commercial real estate property analysis, each with pros and cons. Below we discuss the top 7 most commonly used financial models and how they can help you make better investment decisions.

1. Industrial Real Estate Model

It's no secret that industrial real estate is booming. Amidst a pandemic, e-commerce has seen a surge in popularity, and industrial real estate has been a beneficiary. Investors are looking for opportunities to get involved in the industrial sector, and the industrial real estate model is the perfect tool to do just that.

The industrial real estate model is a robust financial spreadsheet model that estimates the profitability of industrial real estate development projects. It considers several factors, including land acquisition costs, construction costs, leasing income, and operating expenses. The model is flexible and can be customized to fit the specific needs of any industrial development project.

Whether you're an experienced industrial developer or a first-time investor, the industrial real estate model is an essential tool for anyone looking to profit from the booming industrial sector.

2. Loan Payment Calculator

Loan Payment Calculator is a powerful real estate financial spreadsheet model that enables users to calculate their monthly loan payments with ease. The Loan Payment Calculator considers several key factors, including the loan amount, interest rate, term of the loan, and the down payment.

The Loan Payment Calculator also considers the net operating income and rent to calculate the monthly mortgage payment. This metric is essential for real estate investors to understand as it accurately estimates their mortgage payments. Furthermore, the Loan Payment Calculator is easy to use and is free on the internet.

3. Rental Analysis Spreadsheet

The rental Analysis Spreadsheet is the best real estate financial analysis spreadsheet model for multifamily, asset management, amortization, and selling properties. The rental Analysis Spreadsheet provides a quick and easy way to assess a rental property's potential return on investment (ROI).

Rental Analysis Spreadsheet is an Excel-based tool that allows you to input key assumptions about a rental property, including purchase price, repair costs, monthly rent, vacancy rate, and more. The rental Analysis Spreadsheet then calculates the expected ROI for the property, as well as a number of other important metrics. The rental Analysis Spreadsheet is essential for any real estate investor looking to make informed decisions about their investments.

4. Apartment Development Model

The Apartment Development Model is the best business model for real estate financial modeling. This powerful spreadsheet model can estimate the rate of return, repayment schedule, and debt and equity requirements for an apartment development project.

It is also an invaluable tool for private equity investors, as it can help them to assess the potential returns of a real estate investment. In addition, the Apartment Development Model is easy to use and provides a clear and concise picture of the financials of a real estate project. As a result, it is an essential tool for anyone considering an investment in apartment development.

5. Commercial Real Estate Valuation Spreadsheet

A commercial real estate valuation spreadsheet is one of the best tools for investing in properties. It is a very powerful and user-friendly spreadsheet that can help you to make informed decisions about your investment.

Commercial Real Estate Valuation Spreadsheet considers many factors, including square footage, rental income, and location. It also allows you to input multiple scenarios and compare them side-by-side. This is an incredibly valuable tool for investing in commercial real estate. If you are working with a broker, they will likely have a version of this spreadsheet that they use themselves.

However, it is always good to have your copy so that you can input your own data and assumptions. Ultimately, the Commercial Real Estate Valuation Spreadsheet is an essential tool for anyone considering an investment in commercial real estate.

6. Single Family Home Construction Pro Forma

Single Family Home Construction Pro Forma is the best real estate financial spreadsheet model for those considering residential real estate investments. Pro forma estimating future income and expenses, and this model is specifically designed for Single Family Home (SFH) construction projects.

The SFH Construction Pro Forma considers common cost factors such as land acquisition, permits, construction materials, and labor. It also allows for a wide range of potential rental income scenarios and considers the carrying costs of debt and equity financing.

Furthermore, the Single Family Home Construction Pro Forma is easy to use and provides clear insights into the financial feasibility of a given SFH construction project. For these reasons, the Single Family Home Construction Pro Forma is the best real estate financial spreadsheet model available.

7. Fix and Flip Deal Analyzer

Fix and Flip Deal Analyzer is the best real estate financial spreadsheet, model. Its simple structure makes it easy to input information and get expected outputs quickly. I like how it shows estimated repair costs separately from the acquisition price.


This is important because new real estate investors often will lowball the repair costs, leading to them losing money on the property. Fix and Flip Deal Analyzer also shows your return on investment (ROI), so you know exactly how much money you'll make on the property before you even purchase it.

Overall, I highly recommend this spreadsheet model to any real estate pro who's looking to quickly and easily analyze a potential investment property.


Frequently Asked Questions

How do you analyze a commercial real estate market?

Analyzing a commercial real estate market is no small feat. It requires understanding the nuances that differentiate between commercial and residential real estate and knowing what economic indicators to consider. To begin, property taxes are always an important factor when analyzing any real estate market. Knowing the local, state, and federal tax codes can help you understand where your money should go when investing in the commercial real estate market.


Another aspect to look at is property from the ground up – literally! Taking into account any potential physical changes to a property's structure or landscape could drastically change its value over time. These factors can influence whether a certain area is suitable for commercial development, from zoning regulations to any construction happening nearby.

What is a good ROI for commercial real estate?

When investing in commercial real estate, the primary goal is to achieve a good return on investment (ROI). Determining what constitutes a "good" ROI depends largely on the type of property being bought and sold. For example, if you are buying an apartment building, then you may be looking for an annual cash flow that will cover your expenses, while if you are flipping retail spaces, then your goal could be making a profit within three to six months. 


No matter what type of property you choose to invest in, certain steps can increase your chances of earning a higher ROI. First of all, research the market and identify which types of properties are selling quickly at top prices. Secondly, assess any potential risks associated with investing in particular properties before purchasing them.

Is commercial real estate a good investment in 2023?

With the economy in flux, savvy real estate owners and investors are asking: is commercial real estate a good investment for 2023? With the right approach, investing in commercial real estate can be a great way to grow your wealth. There are two major types of real estate investments: residential and commercial. Residential property includes single-family homes and duplexes, while commercial property includes office buildings, warehouses, industrial complexes, retail stores, multifamily apartments, and beyond. 


Commercial real estate offers investors higher returns than residential properties due to its ability to generate income from multiple sources. For example, many commercial properties include multiple tenants who all pay rent – making it easier for new property owners to make money almost immediately. Additionally, there is typically more room for appreciation over time as the value of these larger properties typically increases faster than smaller ones.



It is important for real estate investors to comprehensively understand the ten financial models for commercial real estate property discussed in this article. These models allow investors to analyze investments and determine their portfolio's most appropriate and profitable strategy. Real estate investors can make smarter and more informed decisions regarding their investments by taking the time to understand and become familiar with these models.

Urban Real Estate Center

Learn how to analyze commercial real estate property investments using the top 7 financial models. Get tips on Excel financial modeling and see how to use data to inform your real estate valuations.